Tallahassee Civil Rights Oral History Collection
Scope and Contents
Sound recordings and transcripts of interviews for project "An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee, Florida 1956-1966: Personal Interviews with Key Civil Rights Leaders, Spokesmen, and Participants," prepared by Dr. Jackson Lee Ice for the Center for the Study of Southern Culture and Religion, Department of Religion, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Topics include the Tallahassee Bus Boycott of 1956, lunch counter sit-ins, theatre demonstrations, school desegregation, voter registration, and race relations.
Also includes recordings and transcripts of a 1978 speech by C.K. Steele to FSU students, as well as audio of a 1957 speech made by LeRoy Collins to the Presbyterian Men's Convention in Miami, to which Collins refers during his 1978 interview.
Access Restrictions: To ensure their preservation, access to the original transcripts and sound recordings in Boxes 4, 5, and 6 is restricted. Access copies of this material are in Boxes 1, 2, and 3. Contact the Manuscript Archivist or Associate Dean of Special Collections & Archives for access to originals or more information.
Select materials from this collection are available online through PASS.
- created: 1957, 1978
- Other: Majority of material found in 1978
- Other: Date acquired: 12/01/1978
- Ice, Jackson Lee (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for all researchers. The content of some interviews is currently restricted by interviewee or family request. Original transcripts are fragile and researchers must use photocopies in Boxes 1 & 2. For more information consult the finding aid or contact Special Collections & Archives staff.
Conditions Governing Use
Works in this collection are protected by copyright. Re-use or copying of these works beyond Fair Use may require permission from rights-holders.
Biographical or Historical Information
Jackson Lee Ice was born in 1925 in Buffalo, NY. He received his B.A. degree from the University of Pittsburgh and his M. Div. from Colgate-Rochester Divinity School. He received a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1955. That same year, Ice became a faculty member in the Florida State University (FSU) Department of Philosophy. As a professor of religion, Ice was interested in the philosophy of religion, contemporary religious thought, and the relationship between religion and art and religion and science. In 1974, he became full professor, serving in that rank until his death in 1991. At the time of his death, Ice was working on a manuscript for a book, Albert Schweitzer: Sketches for a Portrait. It was published by University Press of America in 1994. John Carey, former Chairman of FSU's Department of Religion, described Ice as "one of America's premier Schweitzer scholars."
The Tallahassee Civil Rights Movement oral history project, conducted in the summer of 1978, was a natural outgrowth of Dr. Ice's involvement in Tallahassee civil rights activities during the late 1950s and 1960s. Ice arrived in Tallahassee in 1955, nine months before the bus boycott. He was a witness to and a participant in the civil rights activities and social changes that affected Tallahassee during those years. When he arrived, he joined the Tallahassee Council on Human Relations, the city's first integrated civic organization. Many members of the Council were FSU and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU) professors. Ice became its president in 1961-1962. During that time he came under heavy criticism from local political figures for his statements supporting the rights of African-Americans to demonstrate and perform civil disobedience for their cause. Ice was almost fired from his FSU teaching position. It was because of his work with the Tallahassee Council on Human Relations that he became acquainted with many local African-American leaders and participants and familiar with the issues and problems they faced.
Through this experience, Ice became convinced of the importance of the activities of the Tallahassee Civil Rights Movement in our nation's history. Primarily, he wanted to record these events, as told by individuals who witnessed them, before they faded from memory. He also wanted to enlighten his students about what took place during this era of racial tension, courage, and sacrifice and the role that Tallahassee played nationally in the civil rights struggle. He also became involved in this project in the late 1970s because he felt it was significant for people to know that there was progress made in civil rights and race relations since the early 1960s.
Working for the FSU Center for the Study of Southern Culture and Religion with funding supplied by a Rockefeller Foundation grant, Ice taped a series of interviews with people who were residents of Tallahassee during that era. He selected a representative sample of civil rights advocates and their opponents.
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Language of Materials
Sound recordings and transcripts of interviews for project "An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee, Florida 1956-1966: Personal Interviews with Key Civil Rights Leaders, Spokesmen, and Participants," prepared by Dr. Jackson Lee Ice for the Center for the Study of Southern Culture and Religion, Department of Religion, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Supported by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
Recordings and transcripts are arranged alphabetically by interviewee.
Physical Access Requirements
To aid in preservation of the original interviews, photocopies of the transcripts and duplicates of the recorded interviews have been provided for use by researchers. Access to the original transcripts and sound recordings in Boxes 4, 5, and 6 requires permission from the Manuscript Archivist or Associate Dean of Special Collections & Archives.
The oral history interviews were originally recorded in the summer of 1978, by Dr. Ice, on audiocassettes. Typed transcripts of the tapes were prepared in 1982 at Florida State University. Dr. John Carey of the FSU Department of Religion supervised the typing and editing of the tapes.
Method of Acquisition
Given by Dr. Jackson Lee Ice in December 1978.
Existence and Location of Originals
User copies of the recorded interviews are available on compact disks.
Processed by Special Collections staff in January 1990. Partially funded by a National Historical and Publications Records Commission grant, the finding aid was updated, the audiocassettes were reformatted to CD-R media by the Digital Media Center from February-April 2003, and several tapes were restored and reformatted to CD-R by conservator Richard Hess of Vignettes Media in July 2004.
- Anderson, Russell Lloyd, 1907- (Person)
- Ausley, Susan Mitchell, 1921-1985 (Person)
- Collins, LeRoy (Person)
- Conoly, George W., 1902-1980 (Person)
- Dupont, King Solomon, 1903-1983 (Person)
- Grigg, Charles M., 1918-1992 (Person)
- Hay, Marion Jewell, 1900-1981 (Person)
- Hudson, James L., 1903-1980 (Person)
- Johnson, Malcolm B., 1913-1989 (Person)
- Killian, Lewis M. (Person)
- Lewis, Clifton, 1919- (Person)
- Lewis II, George, 1913-1996 (Person)
- Miles, Moses G., 1918-1988 (Person)
- Norwood, Edwin, 1909-1979 (Person)
- Richards, Hazel, 1901-1993 (Person)
- Rudd, John A., 1923-2004 (Person)
- Smith, Charles U. (Person)
- Speed, Daniel, 1906-1987 (Person)
- Steele, Charles Kenzie, 1914-1980 (Person)
- Teague Jr., Samuel, 1922- (Person)
- Congress of Racial Equality (Organization)
- Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (Organization)
- Inter-Civic Council (Tallahassee, FL) (Organization)
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Organization)
- Tallahassee Council on Human Relations (Organization)
- Tallahassee Ministerial Alliance (Organization)
Genre / Form
- African Americans--Civil rights
- Civil Rights Demonstrations--Florida--Tallahassee
- Civil Rights Movements--Florida--Tallahassee
- Civil rights.
- Demonstrations United States
- Protest Movements--Florida--Tallahassee.
- Race Relations--Florida--Tallahassee
- Student Movements--Civil Rights--History--20th Century
- Student Movements--Florida--Tallahassee
- United States--Race relations
- White Citizens Council (Leon County, Fla.)
- Tallahassee Civil Rights Oral History Collection
- Burt Altman
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note