David H. Cole transcript
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of an oral history interview transcript of an African American private in the 84th Aviation Squadron during World War II in the European Campaign as he details tensions between black soldiers and white officers.
- Created: 1942-1946
- Other: Date acquired: 09/26/2001
- Cole, David H. (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to all researchers.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to quote, publish, broadcast or otherwise reproduce from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean for Special Collections & Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Florida State University Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
Biographical or Historical Information
David Henry Cole was born on November 17, 1924, in Shenandoah, West Virginia. Cole moved to Harper's Ferry and remained there for most of his youth. He dropped out of high school at 16 and began working jobs around town. Cole joined the Army at 18 in 1943, according to his discharge papers. He went to Clarksburg, Virginia for his physical and then to the induction center at Fort Hays, Ohio.
Cole remembered Native Americans' integration within white forces, to his surprise. He then went to Camp Lee, Virginia for a short period and later joined the Quartermaster Truck Company at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. Cole applied to the Army Air Corps and received a medical discharge due to hypertension. He learned only through his discharge papers that he was in the 84th. He later found this excuse common among discharged African Americans. He fondly remembered marching with the bands during his time in the military and vividly remembered instances of racism and tensions between black soldiers and white officers. Cole attended Storer College for his Bachelor's degree in 1946 and pursued a Masters degree at American University upon graduation.
Language of Materials
Transferred from the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience to FSU Libraries Special Collections & Archives in July 2022.
Source of Acquisition
David H. Cole
Method of Acquisition
- African American soldiers--Biography Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States--Armed Forces--African Americans Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States--Armed Forces--African Americans--History--20th century Subject Source: Local sources
- United States. Army. Quartermaster Corps--History Subject Source: Local sources
- World War, 1939-1945--African Americans Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- David H. Cole transcript
- Jenna Pope
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- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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