Donald D. Horward Papers
Scope and Contents
The Donald D. Horward Papers are composed primarily of the operational and financial records of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution created by Dr. Horward in 1990, and the conference files of the Consortium on Revolutionary Europe, also founded by Dr. Horward, in 1971. The Institute Records comprise proposals for the Institute at Florida State University (including a proposal to the French government for Institute support); Institute Newsletters; International Napoleonic Society materials (Ben Weider Literary Awards); Ben Weider Student Scholarships, and files documenting Dr. Horward's involvement with Napoleon screenplay and television productions. The Consortia and Conference files include extensive correspondence with Dr. Horward and his colleagues about the various consortia and the Wellington Congresses and the International Congress on the Iberian Peninsula.
The collection also includes Dr. Horward's professional files, which comprise addresses, awards, committee files, correspondence, research materials, speeches, writings related to Dr. Horward's scholarship and that of his students, and publications related to the Napoleonic Era. Materials in his professional files include speeches he delivered at Florida State University, the Pelet Conference, Peninsular War Conference, VMI, and the War College at West Point; Florida State University Press Committee on which he served; starting the Napoleon and French Revolution Collection; Ben Weider's activities; teaching materials (slide transparencies) used by Dr. Horward in his West Point classes; and research materials concerning the Duke of Wellington from the British Museum and Public Record Office.
Publications include catalogs used by Dr. Horward in building the Napoleon and the French Revolution collection; a selection of Napoleonic journals, both popular and scholarly; and several scholarly monographic works, such as Dr. Jean Sarramon's La Guerre de l'Independance de la peninsule Iberique contre Napoleon, which Dr Horward, collaborating with his colleague William R. Johnson in 1967, used in his research.
- Created: 1961-2011
- Other: Date acquired: 05/26/2011
Language of Materials
Collection includes materials in English and French.
Conditions Governing Access
This collections is open to all researchers.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to quote, publish, broadcast, or otherwise reproduce from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of University Libraries. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Florida State University Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
Biographical or Historical Information
Dr. Donald Horward, a native of Pennsylvania, received his B.A. at Waynesburg College, his M.A. from Ohio University, and his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He joined the faculty at Florida State University (FSU) in 1961. Since his arrival on campus, over 16,000 students have been introduced to Napoleon and the French Revolution in his classes through the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution. Graduate students were quickly attracted to the field and by 1963 the first master's degree was awarded. Three years later, the first Ph.D. graduated in Napoleonic history from FSU.
Dr. Horward was awarded the Distinguished Professorship in Military History at West Point and taught over 6,000 cadets there. He also held the Edwin Conquest Eminent Scholar Chair at Virginia Military Institute and taught hundreds of cadets in Lexington.He has written or contributed over twenty volumes and almost sixty articles in scholarly journals, delivered over 200 papers and throughout the U.S.and Europe, and his contributions have been recognized by decorations from six countries.
A total of 101 doctorates and M.A. theses were completed under Dr. Horward's direction, making FSU the most prolific center for the study of Napoleon in the U.S. A unique aspect of the Institute program has been its relationship with the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Seventeen officers, destined for the history faculty at West Point, have been trained in the Napoleonic period at the Institute. This is particularly appropriate since a large segment of the Military Art Course, required of all cadets, focuses on Napoleon and his system of operations.
Dr. Horward was the recipient of the first university-wide teaching award, and received five additional awards for excellence in teaching, including the title of Distinguished Teaching Professor. He lectured at universities throughout the U.S., the Smithsonian on several occasions, and gave presentations in Europe at such universities as Frederick Schiller University in Germany, Charles University and Masaryk Universities in the Czech Republic, Cambridge University and Southampton University in England, the University of Budapest in Hungary, and the Borodino/Mazajsk Center, Russia.
In 1998, Dr. Ben Weider established at Florida State University the first chair devoted to the Napoleonic period in the U.S. and Dr. Horward was designated as the first chair holder. Dr. Weider also established a chair in the French Revolution and four scholarships for the study of Napoleon at FSU. Soon thereafter, Baron Roger Jomini, descendent of Napoleon's famous strategist, contributed funds for student scholarships. Dr. Proctor Jones provided substantial support for student grants to do research in Paris,and generous scholarships were established by Dr.Skip Vichnessand Dr.George Knight, graduatesof the Napoleonic program at FSU.
For his work in the Napoleonic period, Dr. Horward was decorated by the French, American, and Portuguese and recognized by the Czech Republic and Spanish governments. He waselected to the Portuguese Academy of History in1991 and named a Grand Officer of theOrder of Infante Dom Henrique (Prince Henry the Navigator). In 2001, he was honored by the Napoleonic Alliance as the first John Elting Scholar "for his extraordinary contributions to the study of Napoleonic History." He received the Renaissance Francaise Award in 2010, but his most distinguished award was given by France, The Legion of Honor, in full ceremony at West Point in 2002.
Much of the current research on Napoleon in the United States has been carried out by Dr. Horward's former students.This is closely related to his success in amassing the volumes of the Napoleon Collection at FSU and his influential role in sustaining and expanding the Consortium on Revolutionary Europe. In addition to the thousands of students he has taught in his graduate and undergraduate classes at FSU, the U.S.Military Academy at West Point, and other universities, his former students have introduced thousands of their students throughout the United States to the Napoleonic era.
After 44 years of distinguished service, Dr. Horward retired in 2005. The Institute and its students, the Napoleon and French Revolution Collection, the Ben Weider Endowment opportunities, and a series of other fellowships comprise a rich legacy - one that Florida State University is proud to share with its community of scholars.
The Napoleon and French Revolution Collection at Florida State University
The creation and growth of the French Revolution and Napoleon Collection at Florida State University was a direct result of Dr. Horward’s efforts. In 1961 there were some 250 volumes in the collection. As a result of his 28 trips to Europe doing research and searching for books, as of late 2012 the collection includes over 20,000 volumes, some from such renowned collections as those of King Ernest August of Hanover and Achille Murat, King of Naples. It is among the most extensive in the country. The Collection attracts students and scholars from through the U.S. and Europe.
Of the 48 Ph.D.s and 52 M.A.s based primarily on the Napoleon and French Revolution Collection at FSU,as of late 2012, 42 books have been published and almost a thousand articles have been produced in scholarly journals. Doctoral students who have completed their research in the Napoleon Collection have taught at scores of universities and colleges from California to New York. Six of their volumes have been awarded the International Book Prize of the International Napoleonic Society for the best book published in Napoleonic history in a particular year.
The Collection has provided the basic research and degrees for fifteen officers who have taught Military Art and Napoleonic history at theUnited States Military Academy,West Point. Many have taught at the US Command and Staff College at Fort Levenworth, Kansas, the Army Command College at the Von BraunCenter, Huntsville, Alabama, the Naval Post Graduate School at Monterey, California, the Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and the Air ForceCommand and StaffCollege in Montgomery, Alabama. Others have occupied senior command positions in Rome, Afghanistan, Iraq,and South Korea as well as throughout the United States. In addition, the Napoleon Collection has proved to be a significant source of strategic, logistical, and tactical information for officers who taught tens of thousandsof cadets at West Point.
Scholars from throughout the United States and Europe have traveled to FSU to work in the Napoleon Collection to complete their research, contributing to hundreds of publications. Inaddition, the Collection became the basis of the most complete bibliography on Napoleon and the French Revolution that exist in any language by one of our graduates. Oneof Dr. Horward’s students, Major Mike Bonura, published a volume with NYU Press in 2012, Under theShadow of Napoleon, which traces the extraordinary impact the Napoleonic system of War has had upon the American military system, from President Thomas Jefferson to the onslaught of the Nazi Blitzkrieg in 1940.
Note written by Burt Altman, C.A., University Librarian/Archivist
19.50 Linear Feet
Professional files of Dr. Donald D. Horward, including addresses and speeches, awards, committee files, correspondence, research materials, writings, operational and financial records of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution, consortia, conference and congress files, and publications.
The Donald D. Horward Papers are organized in four series: Series 1. Professional Files. Arranged alphabetically by subject, then chronologically within subject. Sub-Series 1. Addresses and Papers Sub-Series 2. Awards Sub-Series 3. Committees Sub-Series 4. Correspondence Sub-Series 5. Writings Sub-Series 6. Teaching Materials Sub-Series 7. Research Materials Series 2. Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution. Each sub-series arranged chronologically. Sub-Series 1. General Files Sub-Series 2. Financial Records Sub-Series 3. Project Files Series 3. Consortia and Conference Files Sub-Series 1. Consortia. Arranged chronologically. Sub-Series 2. Congresses. Arranged alphabetically by Congress, then chronologically within each Congress. Sub-Series 3. Conferences and Symposia. Arranged alphabetically by conference or symposia, then chronologically within each Congress. Series 4. Publications. All sub-series arranged alphabetically by publication. Sub-Series 1. Catalogs Sub-Series 2. Napoleonic Journals Sub-Series 3. Monographs
Source of Acquisition
Dr. Donald D. Horward
Method of Acquisition
Accruals and Additions
Additions to collections: May 26 and June 6, 2011 June 20, 2012 July 24 and December 19, 2013
- Florida State University Libraries. Manuscripts Collections Subject Source: Local sources
- French Revolution and Napoleon Collection Subject Source: Local sources
- Donald D. Horward Papers
- Kelly Glaze and Burt Altman
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Part of the FSU Special Collections & Archives Repository
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