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Rolande R. Faucon collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 98.0427

Scope and Contents

Includes 2 photographs, a press clipping about Faucon's artwork, and an oral history narrated by Faucon.

Rolande R. Faucon lived in Mareuil Sur Ay, Marne, France during World War II. Germany began occupying France after the English retreat in the Spring of 1940. She was a teenage citizen of France when the Germans invaded her town. According to Faucon, the village of Mareuil sur Ay was situated along the Marne River, making the village a prime target for German bombing and transport. Once the Germans occupied the village, Faucon and her family kept to a strict curfew of lights out and food rationing. Her older brother Eli Poulard was sent to a German labor camp for three years where a small sum was deposited in his parents' names. She also describes the deportations of Jews and non-Jews from Gare of Epernay. Gare of Epernay was a crossroad for train transports between Northern France and Germany.

Faucon also describes the American occupation from the Summer of 1944 to October 1945. Even under American occupation, she explains that food remained scarce and communication lines were down. In January 1945, Faucon left her village for the town of Reims, located in central France. There, Rolande worked as a cook for eight months for a private resident. In Reims, she met her husband and married in October 1945. In March 1946, Faucon and her husband moved to the United States where her husband trained as an engineer. Her husband remained in the military, serving as an engineer in Austria and France in the 1950s. She describes her music training, the presence of British and American military in her town, watching bombs fall from the sky and families identifying bombing victims, watching train cattle cars transporting people through her town. She also provides descriptions of paintings that she donated to FSU.


  • Created: 1939-1954
  • Other: Majority of material found in 1940
  • Other: Date acquired: 04/27/1998


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to all researchers.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to quote, publish, broadcast or otherwise reproduce from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean for Special Collections & Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Florida State University Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Biographical or Historical Information

Rolande Faucon (1924-2022) was a French painter, teacher, and a survivor of the German occupation of France during World War II.

Rolande Roberte Poulard was born on November 16, 1924 in the village of Fontaine-sur-Ay, in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France. She was the third child of Louise and Victor Jules Poulard.

Faucon lived in Mareuil Sur Ay, Marne, France during World War II. She met the American soldier Ivan Val Faucon in Reims, and married him in October 1944. In March 1946, the Faucons moved to the United States.

She earned an AAS Degree from Arizona Western College in 1974, and later taught French Cooking there.

Faucon passed away on March 23, 2022.


2.00 items

Language of Materials


Arrangement Note


Custodial History

Transferred from the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience to FSU Libraries Special Collections & Archives in July 2022.

Source of Acquisition

Rolande Faucon

Method of Acquisition


Rolande R. Faucon collection
Craig Whittington
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the FSU Special Collections & Archives Repository

116 Honors Way
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