Rolande R. Faucon collection
Scope and Contents
Includes 2 photographs, a press clipping about Faucon's artwork, and an oral history narrated by Faucon.
Rolande R. Faucon lived in Mareuil Sur Ay, Marne, France during World War II. Germany began occupying France after the English retreat in the Spring of 1940. She was a teenage citizen of France when the Germans invaded her town. According to Faucon, the village of Mareuil sur Ay was situated along the Marne River, making the village a prime target for German bombing and transport. Once the Germans occupied the village, Faucon and her family kept to a strict curfew of lights out and food rationing. Her older brother Eli Poulard was sent to a German labor camp for three years where a small sum was deposited in his parents' names. She also describes the deportations of Jews and non-Jews from Gare of Epernay. Gare of Epernay was a crossroad for train transports between Northern France and Germany.
Faucon also describes the American occupation from the Summer of 1944 to October 1945. Even under American occupation, she explains that food remained scarce and communication lines were down. In January 1945, Faucon left her village for the town of Reims, located in central France. There, Rolande worked as a cook for eight months for a private resident. In Reims, she met her husband and married in October 1945. In March 1946, Faucon and her husband moved to the United States where her husband trained as an engineer. Her husband remained in the military, serving as an engineer in Austria and France in the 1950s. She describes her music training, the presence of British and American military in her town, watching bombs fall from the sky and families identifying bombing victims, watching train cattle cars transporting people through her town. She also provides descriptions of paintings that she donated to FSU.
- Created: 1939-1954
- Other: Majority of material found in 1940
- Other: Date acquired: 04/27/1998
- Faucon, Rolande R. (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to all researchers.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to quote, publish, broadcast or otherwise reproduce from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean for Special Collections & Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Florida State University Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
Biographical or Historical Information
Rolande Faucon (1924-2022) was a French painter, teacher, and a survivor of the German occupation of France during World War II.
Rolande Roberte Poulard was born on November 16, 1924 in the village of Fontaine-sur-Ay, in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France. She was the third child of Louise and Victor Jules Poulard.
Faucon lived in Mareuil Sur Ay, Marne, France during World War II. She met the American soldier Ivan Val Faucon in Reims, and married him in October 1944. In March 1946, the Faucons moved to the United States.
She earned an AAS Degree from Arizona Western College in 1974, and later taught French Cooking there.
Faucon passed away on March 23, 2022.
Language of Materials
Transferred from the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience to FSU Libraries Special Collections & Archives in July 2022.
Source of Acquisition
Method of Acquisition
- France--History--German occupation, 1940-1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Germany Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government
- Germany--History--1933-1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Holocaust survivors Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mareuil-sur-Ay (France) Subject Source: Local sources
- United States. Army
- United States. Army Ground Forces Subject Source: Lcnaf
- United States. Army--History Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Army--Military life Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Army. European Theater of Operations
- World War, 1939-1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Austria Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--France Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--United States Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Rolande R. Faucon collection
- Craig Whittington
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note