Elwood Harry Fredrickson papers
Scope and Contents
This collection pertains to First Lieutenant Elwood Harry Fredrickson who served as a bombardier in the 743rd Bomb Squadron, 455th Bomb Group. The collection contains flight records, textbooks and notes from flight school, assignments from flight school, various documents regarding Fredrickson’s postings, personnel lists, volumes one and two of the 455th Bomb Group Journal, booklets on aviation and cadet life, various receipts, certificates and photographs.
- Created: 1943-1952
- Other: Majority of material found in 1943-1945
- Other: Date acquired: 10/16/2007
- Fredrickson, Elwood Harry (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to all researchers.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to quote, publish, broadcast or otherwise reproduce from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean for Special Collections & Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Florida State University Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
Biographical or Historical Information
Elwood Harry Fredrickson was born October 8, 1917, in Zion, Illinois, to Harry and Harriet Fredrickson. He attended Zion Preparatory College and received a diploma in 1935. He worked as a weaver at Liberty Lace and Knitting Works in New York City, New York. Fredrickson enlisted on February 21, 1942, and he was inducted at Camp Upton, New York. After completing basic training, he was assigned to the 5th Armored Division and served as a jeep driver. The 5th Armored Division trained in desert operations in the Mojave Desert.
On April 10, 1943, Fredrickson transferred to the Army Air Forces Bombardier School in Big Spring, Texas. He trained at the Bombardier School and at the Army Air Forces Gunnery School in Laredo, Texas. Fredrickson took theoretical courses on bombing, studied plane instruments, and received some medical training. He also trained in the air with practice bombs. He was honorably discharged from military service on December 3, 1943, at the Bombardier School. On December 4, 1943, Fredrickson was appointed as a flight officer.
He was transferred to Westover Field in Massachusetts on December 4, 1943. On January 4, 1944, Fredrickson was assigned to the 302nd Bombardment Group, 356th Squadron. He was then stationed at Chatham Field in Georgia through March 1944. In April he moved to Langley Field, Virginia. Fredrickson was a member of the 111th Army Air Forces Base Unit at Langley Field until May 21, 1944, when he was sent overseas.
Throughout June, Fredrickson served with the 454th Bombardment Group, 737th Bombardment Squadron. On July 1 he joined the 304th Bombardment Wing, Fifteenth Air Force, which was headquartered at Cerignola Airfield in Italy. He was assigned to the 455th Bombardment Group, 743rd Bombardment Squadron. While overseas he flew missions over various cities in Austria, Germany, France, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Italy. He amassed 288 combat hours.
Fredrickson was temporarily appointed a second lieutenant on August 19, 1944. He received his first Oak Leaf Cluster on September 20. He was then promoted to first lieutenant on October 17. On October 18 he was awarded his second Oak Leaf Cluster, and he received his third cluster on December 27. By January 1, 1945, he had completed 35 combat missions, and Fredrickson returned to the United Sates on January 25.
On January 28, Fredrickson was assigned to the 1010th Army Air Force Base Unit in Atlantic City, New Jersey. In March he was stationed at the Midland Army Airfield where he completed a refresher course in bombing. He was then stationed at the Childress Army Airfield in Texas from May 17 to September. On September 21, 1945, Fredrickson left Childress and proceeded to the Separation Center at Fort Dix, New Jersey. He was relieved from active duty on October 13. He had flown a total of 690 hours.
After the war, he received a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture from Cornell University where he met his wife Dorothy Jane Marshman. Fredrickson passed away on June 3, 1998.
Language of Materials
Transferred from the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience to FSU Libraries Special Collections & Archives in July 2022.
Source of Acquisition
Method of Acquisition
- Army Air Forces Bombardier School (Big Spring Army Air Field, Tex.)
- Army Air Forces Flexible Gunnery School (Laredo Army Air Field, Tex.)
- B-24 (Bomber) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Bombardiers. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Bombing, Aerial Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Camp Upton (N.Y.) Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Fort Dix Army Air Base (N.J.) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Langley Field (Va.) Subject Source: Local sources
- Midland Army Air Field (Tex.) Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Mojave Desert Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Air Force. Air Force, 15th Subject Source: Local sources
- United States. Army Air Forces
- United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 15th
- United States. Army Air Forces. Bombardment Group (H), 455th Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Army Air Forces. Bombardment Squadron, 743rd
- United States. Army--Campaigns--Mediterranean Region
- United States. Army. Armored Division, 5th
- United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 46th (1917-1942)
- World War, 1939-1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Europe Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Mediterranean Region Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Zion (Ill.) Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Elwood Harry Fredrickson papers
- Zoe Hume
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note