William C. Erler collection
Scope and Contents
This collection relates to United States Marine Corps Private First Class William C. Erler who served as a Paramarine, and later with the 26th Marine Regiment, 5th Marine Division during World War II. William C. Erler was killed in action at Iwo Jima on March 2, 1945. The collection consists of photographs and several personal letters and papers, as well as artifacts, a parachute, gas mask, pins, marksmanship badges, and medals, including his posthumously awarded Purple Heart.
- Created: 1941-1945
- Other: Date acquired: 10/02/1998
- Erler, William C. (Family)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to all researchers
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish, exhibit, or broadcast works from the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience must be requested and granted in writing by the director of the Institute. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Institute on World War II as the owner of the physical items and the copyright holder. Possession of a copy of an item does not constitute permission to publish, exhibit, or broadcast it. The Institute on World War II and the Human Experience reserves the right to refuse permission to individuals and publishers who have not complied with its policies. Permission fees must be paid before images are provided. Please contact the director of the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience for current publication and duplication rates.
Biographical or Historical Information
PFC William C "Chuck" Erler was born on December 16, 1923, in Columbus, Ohio. In 1941, Erler enlisted in the United States Marine Corps, and en route to basic became close friends with two brothers also from Columbus, Luther and Harold Crabtree. Photographs of the three together are included in the collection. What is remarkable about Erler's service is not just that he was a Marine on Iwo Jima (his first and last battle), but that he trained as a Marine parachutist and earned his wings. Erler apparently proved himself in training at Camp Kearny, where he earned several marksmanship badges and qualification as Expert Rifleman.
He was a member of the 4th battalion of the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment, an experimental group aimed at mirroring the roles filled by the Army parachute regiments. Though the regiment was ultimately dissolved as impractical for the Pacific theatre (the Marines did not have the numbers of transport planes required, compounded by the much larger distances in the Pacific and the lack of reliable airfields), Erler and his friends Luther and William were transferred to the 26th Marine Regiment, 5th US Marine Division. This Division was created solely for the upcoming landing at Iwo Jima. Newspaper clippings seem to suggest that he was a flamethrower operator during the battle, but these articles are the only information of his we have for the battle itself, and cannot be corroborated.
An astounding episode involving Erler is also recorded in these clippings: He and his friends Luther and Harold Crabtree were serving in the same company when Harold was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire on February 28, 1945. His brother Luther and Erler both ran under fire to retrieve his body. Erler sent a short letter to his parents during the battle on February 27. He died in combat of unknown (at least unrecorded) causes on Iwo Jima on March 2, 1945. His remains were returned to the United States in 1948, and Erler is buried in Eastlawn Cemetery in his hometown of Columbus.
Language of Materials
Source of Acquisition
Method of Acquisition
- Camp Kearny (Calif.) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Columbus (Ohio) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Iwo Jima, Battle of, 1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States--Armed Forces--Parachute troops Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Marine Corps--History--20th century Subject Source: Local sources
- United States. Marine Corps. Marine Division, 5th Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Marine Corps. Marine Regiment, 26th
- World War, 1939-1945 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Amphibious operations Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1939-1945--Pacific Area Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- William C. Erler collection
- Daniel Arenas
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note