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Prisoners of war--Germany--History--20th century

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

Anson E. Voorhees Manuscript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2009 Box, Folder: 09.0068 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-09.0068
Scope and Contents

The Anson E. Voorhees collection contains one folder with a 14-page typed transcript of an oral history interview.

Dates: Created: 2008-2008; Other: Majority of material found in 1941-1948; Other: Date acquired: 05/14/2009

William R. Auld papers

 Collection — Box 00.0646 - Box 1
Identifier: 02-00.0646
Scope and Contents

The William R. Auld papers include over 800 photographs taken by Major William R. Auld who served with the 31st Photo Reconnaissance Squadron of the Ninth Army Air Force following General George S. Patton throughout the United States, England, France, and Germany.  The William R. Auld papers also include various sketches done by one of his comrades, a promotion notice, and two poems.

Dates: Created: 1943-1945; Other: Date acquired: 07/12/2000

Arthur Card papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections-2003 Box, Folder: 03.0189 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-03.0189
Scope and Contents

The collection of Arthur W. Card contains an oral history transcript of an interview conducted by or for the Institute on World War II. He discusses bringing US troops to and from Europe, as well as returning German POWs to Germany at the end of the war. He also discusses his work in the engine room (where he felt proud to be "more important" to the soldiers on the ship because they relied on his work to keep them safe) and his time ashore in Naples, Italy.

Dates: Created: 1943-1947; Other: Majority of material found in 1945; Other: Date acquired: 11/17/2003

Clarke M. Brandt collection

 Collection — Oral History Transcript/ Publications
Identifier: 02-02.0458
Scope and Contents

The collection of Clarke M. Brandt contains an oral history transcript and various publications about army life during World War II. In it are examples such as George (Bob) Caron who was a tail gunner on the "Enola Gay" B-29 Bomber. The oral history includes Caron's eyewitness account of the bomb being dropped on Hiroshima. Also included are pamphlets and newsletters including "War Buddies," which covers the relationship between a soldier and his canine companion through his years as a member of the US Marine Corps. "War Buddies" is written by Earle Welch and Dick Roberts.

Dates: Created: 1939-2003; Other: Majority of material found in 1943; Other: Date acquired: 10/29/2002

Edward L. Herp papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 1997 Box, Folder: 97.0067 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-97.0067
Scope and Contents

The Edward L. Herp papers document Captain Edward Herp's time spent as a radio operator for the 321st Fighter Control Squadron of the 9th Air Force for the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II. The collection contains an oral history, various photographs, the bulk of them taken at the Buchenwald concentration camp, a letter discussing the photographs, personal documents, postcards, and other items that illustrate his service in Great Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, and Czechoslovakia. Also in the oral history, Herp discusses his time spent working at Florida State University for WFSU-TV and as a professor of television production.

Dates: Created: 1942-1998; Other: Majority of material found in 1942-1945; Other: Date acquired: 04/20/1998

Emil Spieth papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0295 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0295
Scope and Contents

This collections contains the transcript of an interview with Emil Speith.

Dates: Created: 1937-1950; Other: Majority of material found in 1937-1950; Other: Date acquired: 11/23/0004

Fred H. Taeger papers

 Collection — Drawings/Paintings, Box: 1
Identifier: 02-07.0103
Scope and Contents

This collection relates to Fred H. Taeger who entered active service in the US Army on March 10, 1943. Taeger was stationed at Camp Forrest, TN where he worked as a German interpreter with the intelligence section of the prisoner of war (POW) area and directed interrogations of the German POWs. During this time, Taeger collected 65 drawings and paintings completed by German POWs. In addition to the artwork, the collection includes personal photographs and Taeger's discharge papers.

Dates: Created: 1943-1946; Other: Date acquired: 08/21/2007

Harold Cooler transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0051 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0051
Scope and Contents

The collection of Harold Cooler contains an oral history transcript of an interview provided by the Reichelt Program for Oral History. Cooler served in the U.S. Army in the 165th Engineer Combat Battalion in the European Theater during World War II.

Dates: Created: 1943-1947; Other: Majority of material found in 1945; Other: Date acquired: 02/02/2004

George Harris papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collecion - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0694 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0694
Scope and Contents

George D. Harris (Army Air Corps, 1942-1945) trained as a radioman and gunner on a B-17 and was assigned to the 91st Bomb Group in England in 1943. His collection contains a photocopy of three articles from the American Ex-Prisoners of War Bulletin from January 1996 and a copy of his oral history interview conducted on February 26, 2003.

Dates: Created: 1942-1945; Other: Date acquired: 08/07/2000

Herman J. Simler papers

 Collection — Letters/Documents/Photographs
Identifier: 02-98.0104
Scope and Contents

This collection includes photographs and documents pertaining to aerial operations over Europe during World War II. Lt. Herman Simler flew over 30 bombing missions over Europe during his service. The squadrons specified in this collection are the 8th Army Air Force, the 15th Army Air Force, and the 716th-719th bomber squadrons.

Dates: Created: 1944-1999; Other: Date acquired: 01/23/1998

Edwin Ivy papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collecion - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0725 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0725
Scope and Contents

The Edwin Ivy papers illustrate 2nd Lieutenant Ivy's service in the Army Air Corps in the 485th Heavy Bombardment Group, 831st Squadron, from 1942-1945 in Italy, France, and Austria where he was shot down and became a prisoner of war in Stalag Luft III. Ivy's oral history encompasses the majority of his collection and provides detail of his military training, time spent in the Army Air Corps, as a prisoner of war, and being discharged. His papers also include the first chapter of Old Man in a Baseball Cap by Fred Rochlin. The chapter describes the significance of remembering the past and passing down experiences to others.

Dates: Created: 1941-2000; Other: Majority of material found within 1941-1946; Other: Date acquired: 10/16/2002

James Feerick papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2001 Box, Folder: 01.0444 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-01.0444
Scope and Contents

The collection of First Lieutenant James Feerick contains an oral history transcript of an interview provided by the Reichelt Program for Oral History. Feerick served in the U.S. Army Air Corps as part of the 8th Bomber Command, 1st Bombardment Wing, 91st Bombardment Group in the European theater. He was based in London at Bassingbourne.

The collection also includes a copy of a magazine article from 2000 about a U.S. government agency that smuggled out contraband (radio parts, etc.), into German POW camps and letters along with other information. The agency also helped Allied POWs escape.

Dates: Created: 1918-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 09/25/2001

James Lockett papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0889-Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0889
Scope and Contents James William Lockett served in the U.S. Army 28th Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Division, 1st Army, in the European (ETO), North African, and Mediterranean Theaters. Colonel Lockett was a 1928 West Point graduate. The collection includes a ten-page manuscript entitled "The March," which is about Lockett's serving with the Army in the European Theater and being a POW. Lockett was made to march by German guards with approaching Russians in January 1945. He discusses his encounters with the guards and the people along "the March." In March 1945, US artillery takes the Serbian compound where they were and freed them. Also, he describes the subsequent days to get out of danger, and he is...
Dates: Created: 1943-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 12/08/2000

James J. McGuire papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-06.0061
Scope and Contents This collection relates to James J. McGuire who served with the 102nd Infantry Division during World War II and was captured by the Germans in November 1944 near the Roer River. The collection includes documents related to prisoners-of-war, including special postage and protocols for sending letters to American POWs, special postage and protocols that James McGuire had to follow to send letters back to his family, and even an extremely detailed, multi-page set of instructions on how to order tobacco products for American soldiers in German POW camps. It also includes a ration book application, and a ration book itself.  Finally, it includes communications, telegrams, and letters, between...
Dates: 1942-1995; Other: Majority of material found within 1942-1945; Other: Date acquired: 11/17/2006

Melvin R. Bielawski Collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-98.0462
Scope and Contents The collection includes a variety of media from Germany, including postcards, magazines for GIs stationed in Germany, photographs, and The Corner. The Corner is a manuscript (likely a historical fiction novel) about a group of men in a Polish Catholic community in Toledo, Ohio. The story follows a group of young men who often spent time on a corner, gambling or socializing, from the 1930s through their wartime experiences up to the post war period. The manuscript appears to demonstrate the cultural enclaves in American cities and how that changed during the Second World War. The time period of the collection is mostly...
Dates: Created: 1930-2008; Other: Date acquired: 05/12/1998

Raymond Wayne Davis papers

 Collection — Documents
Identifier: 02-99.0297
Scope and Contents

The Raymond Wayne Davis papers are largely centered around letters Davis wrote to his sister Mildred Kingston Renwick throughout World War II. During the war, Sergeant Davis served as a machinist in the Strategic 3rd Air Depot of the Army Air Force as well as serving in the infantry as a part of the Third Army, 90th Division, 358th Infantry, Company C. Davis served in England, France, Germany, and Czechoslovakia. His papers also include postwar division newsletters, an oral history interview, a veteran's questionnaire, discharge certificate, and photographs.

Dates: Created: 1943-1999; Other: Majority of material found in 1943-1945; Other: Date acquired: 10/26/1998

Stalag 17 POWs papers

 Collection — Box 98.0475-Box 1
Identifier: 02-98.0475
Scope and Contents

This collection was compiled by Edward McKenzie and includes a directory of New Hampshire Ex-POWs book. It is a boxed collection of approroximately 20 individual collections of American POWs who were interned at Stalag 17. The individual collections collectively consist of personal papers, transcripts, documents, photographs, and drawings relating to their experiences as prisoners of war.

Dates: 1937-1945; Other: Date acquired: 05/12/1998

William C. Coleman transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0050 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0050
Scope and Contents

This folder contains the oral history of William Coleman recorded on May 15, 2003.  Coleman served with the 101st Airborne Division in England and participated in the June 6, 1944 D-Day airborne operation into Normandy, France.  He was later captured by German troops and spent time in a prisoner of war camp.

Dates: Created: 1942-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 02/02/2004