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Prisoners of war

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 38 Collections and/or Records:

460th Heavy Bombardment Group Society papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-01.0046
Scope and Contents The collection of the 460th Heavy Bombardment Group Society contains a unit history of this B-24 U.S. Army Air Corps Group, 55th Wing, 760th, 761st, 762nd, 763rd Squadrons and Group Headquarters, which served in the Italian Campaign. This collection primarily focuses on the memory of the war and those who served in the 460th. Included is a listing of the airmen who were held as prisoners of war, including their squadrons, positions on the plane (e.g. pilot, gunner), the date, mission, and what country or stalag in which they were held. Also included is a booklet, "Remembering the 460th Bomb Group (H)," which contains photographs, personnel lists, and maps, and was prepared as a...
Dates: Created: 1943-2015; Other: Date acquired: 02/07/2015

Anthony Catalino papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2002 Box, Folder: 02.0025 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-02.0025
Scope and Contents This collection contains a manuscript memoir of Anthony Catalino's WWII service in the U.S. Army Field Artillery and staff work at Army hospitals and supply depots in North Africa and Italy.
Dates: Created: 1941-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1943; Other: Date acquired: 02/11/2002

Earl L. Bailey collection

 Collection — Box 03.0019 - Box 1
Identifier: 02-03.0019
Scope and Contents This collection consists of letters and memorabilia sent by U.S. Army soldier Earl L. Bailey to friends and family during World War II, as well as the transcript of an oral interview with the soldier. These documents detail the soldier's basic training at Camp Maxey, TX, participation in the Army Specialized Training Program at Ohio State University, and service in the 405th Regiment, 102nd Infantry Division. This service included stops at Camp Swift, TX, Fort Dix, NJ, and participation in the suppression of the Philadelphia Transit Strike of 1944 before departing for Europe. The letters discuss the campaign in Europe, battles in France and Germany, the Siegfrieg Line, and the occupation of...
Dates: Created: 1942-1946; Other: Date acquired: 07/30/2003

Jane Borg papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 1998 Box, Folder: 98.0478 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-98.0478
Scope and Contents This collection contains two oral histories; one with Dr. Philip Gilman, Jr. and one with James Izumizaki. It also includes the reprint of a letter by Pvt. Lavern Borg, Jr. written on April 2, 1945. The letter tells about his experiences with the 5th Marine Division of the U.S. Marine Corp in the battle of Iwo Jima. The next document includes a service record and medallist dated June 1967, January 1969, and August 1973. A pamphlet collected by the Pajaro Valley Arts Council, California entitled Nihen Bunka Japanese Culture: One hundred years in Pajaro Valley is also in the collection.
Dates: Created: 1940-1973; Other: Date acquired: 05/12/1998

Hazel Louis Bowman collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-10.0050
Content Description This collection relates to Hazel Louis Bowman who worked for the Signal Corps and lived in India with the American Red Cross for two years. Bowman's collection contains six full boxes, one oversize box, a phono records box, and two photograph boxes. Four of the boxes include letters written to and from Hazel to her parents, family, neighbors, and friends. The collection also contains an oral history transcript, newsletters and bulletins, American Red Cross publications, her diary, a book written by Bowman, photograph albums, and ephemera.
Dates: Event: Majority of material found within 1930-1948

Arthur Card papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections-2003 Box, Folder: 03.0189 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-03.0189
Scope and Contents The collection of Arthur W. Card contains an oral history transcript of an interview conducted by or for the Institute on World War II. He discusses bringing US troops to and from Europe, as well as returning German POWs to Germany at the end of the war. He also discusses his work in the engine room (where he felt proud to be "more important" to the soldiers on the ship because they relied on his work to keep them safe) and his time ashore in Naples, Italy.
Dates: Created: 1943-1947; Other: Majority of material found in 1945; Other: Date acquired: 11/17/2003

Carl Fessel collection

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0589-Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0589
Scope and Contents This collection consists of photographs, personal papers and personal memorabilia belonging to Carl Fessel, a member of the United States Army Air Force who served in the 570th Squadron of the 390th Bomb Group of the 8th Air Force in Europe from February of 1944 to April of 1945. Papers include a certificate of honorable discharge issued by the U.S. Army, while photographs include a picture of Fessel in uniform for a bombing mission and a contemporary map of Europe highlighting the prison camp at which Fessel was held as a prisoner of war. Personal memorabilia include membership cards titled "Life Membership: American Ex-Prisoners of War."
Dates: Created: 1944-2002; Other: Majority of material found in 1944-1945; Other: Date acquired: 06/15/2000

Crispen Nissen papers

 Collection — Letters/Diary
Identifier: 02-98.0704
Scope and Contents Crispen Nissen served as a sergeant in the U.S. Army Air Corps with the 12th and 18th Weather Squadrons during World War II in the United States, England, North Africa, and Italy. This collection includes an original diary Nissen kept from 1941-1942, describing his daily thoughts, experiences, and observations about the general war effort. The collection also includes Vmail and handwritten letters, written by Nissen to his fiancee and future wife, Etrulia Ellis, as well as the letters she sent to him.
Dates: Created: 1941-1999; Other: Majority of material found in 1943; Other: Date acquired: 09/10/1998

James Crooke papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2005 Box, Folder: 05.0172 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-05.0172
Scope and Contents This collection consists of an oral history transcript of an interview with 2nd Lt. James J. Crooke, who served in World War II. Crooke served in the Army Air Corps with the 303rd Bomb Group in the European Theater (ETO).
Dates: 1921-1945; Other: Majority of material found within 1943; Other: Date acquired: 12/15/2005

Dell Dinneen collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-01.0276
Scope and Contents This collection includes letters, photocopies of 2 personal scrapbooks, and photographs related to Dell Dinneen who served as a U.S. Army nurse during World War II in the European and Mediterranean Theaters with the 61st Field Hospital.
Dates: Created: 1943-1946; Other: Majority of material found in 1943-1945; Other: Date acquired: 06/18/2001

Ernest Hubacker papers

 Collection — Personal Papers
Identifier: 02-98.0605
Scope and Contents Ernest Hubacker served in the U.S. Army in the United States and in the China-Burma-India (CBI) Theater. The collection includes a manuscript entitled One Veteran's Remembrance of WWII. It also includes photocopies of documents relating to induction and discharge as well as a photograph of Hubacker on an Army horse dated 1943.

The manuscript gives his account of his experiences in Myitina, his time as he kept watch in foxholes, the sneak attacks on soldiers, and the sanitation and ration situations. He discusses his involvement in battles in India and China as well.
Dates: Created: 1941-1946; Other: Majority of material found in 1943; Other: Date acquired: 06/09/1998

Everett Walker papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box
Identifier: 02-04.0206
Scope and Contents This collection contains the oral history interview of Lieutenant Colonel Everett Walker conducted by the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience. Walker was forced to bail out very near the target on his eighteenth mission as a bombardier and gunner on a B-24. He discusses his rescue from the water, his interrogation experience and the conditions of his internment. He also talks about the many different escape attempts made by the American POWs at Stalag Luft III.
Dates: Created: 1943-1973; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 07/01/2004

Francis Coleman papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0064 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0064
Scope and Contents The collection of Francis I.G. Coleman contains an oral history transcript of an interview conducted by or for the Institute on World War II. Coleman served in the European Theater (ETO). He briefly discusses his childhood and the Depression. Coleman frequently discusses politics in his interview. During his service, and discussed in his interview, he was witness to the treatment of Axis POWs, and French treatment of Arabs/subject peoples, Halifax bombing runs, French police, traitors, executions, ambushing German convoys along the Rhone River, and the liberation of France.
Dates: Created: 1940-1963; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 02/02/0004

Frank Turosik papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0208 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0208
Scope and Contents This collection contains the oral history interview of Frank Turosik conducted by Jack Sigler on January 2, 2004. Turosik served as a combat engineer in the Pacific theater of war.
Dates: Created: 1942-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 07/01/2004

Fred H. Taeger papers

 Collection — Drawings/Paintings, Box: 1
Identifier: 02-07.0103
Scope and Contents This collection relates to Fred H. Taeger who entered active service in the US Army on March 10, 1943. Taeger was stationed at Camp Forrest, TN where he worked as a German interpreter with the intelligence section of the prisoner of war (POW) area and directed interrogations of the German POWs. During this time, Taeger collected 65 drawings and paintings completed by German POWs. In addition to the artwork, the collection includes personal photographs and Taeger's discharge papers.
Dates: Created: 1943-1946; Other: Date acquired: 08/21/2007

Joseph Freilick papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2001 Box, Folder: 01.0545 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-01.0545
Scope and Contents This manuscript memoir relates to Joseph Freilick who served with the 102nd Infanty Division during World War II in the European Theater.
Dates: Created: 1944-1945; Other: Date acquired: 10/15/2001

Harold Cooler transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0051 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0051
Scope and Contents The collection of Harold Cooler contains an oral history transcript of an interview provided by the Reichelt Program for Oral History. Cooler served in the U.S. Army in the 165th Engineer Combat Battalion in the European Theater during World War II.
Dates: Created: 1943-1947; Other: Majority of material found in 1945; Other: Date acquired: 02/02/2004

Harold Truman Speck collection

 Collection — Photocopies of Documents/Journal/ Objects/ Photographs
Identifier: 02-99.0117
Scope and Contents This World War II collection relates to Harold Truman Speck, a copilot Flight Officer of nine B-17 bombing raids over Europe. He served with the 545th Bombardment Squadron, 384th Bombardment Group, 8th Air Force. This collection consists of photocopies of photographs, military personnel records, books, medals, pins, and Speck's personal POW journal provided by the Harold Truman Speck family.
Dates: Created: 1943-1947; Other: Date acquired: 07/14/2017

George Harris papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collecion - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0694 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0694
Scope and Contents George D. Harris (Army Air Corps, 1942-1945) trained as a radioman and gunner on a B-17 and was assigned to the 91st Bomb Group in England in 1943. His collection contains a photocopy of three articles from the American Ex-Prisoners of War Bulletin from January 1996 and a copy of his oral history interview conducted on February 26, 2003.
Dates: Created: 1942-1945; Other: Date acquired: 08/07/2000

Hazel Louis Bowman collection

 Unprocessed — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 02-10.0050
Dates: Event: Majority of material found within 1930-1948

James H. Hinson, Jr. transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 1999 Box, Folder: 99.0610 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-99.0610
Scope and Contents This oral history interview transcript of Sergeant James H. Hinson, Jr. details his experiences during World War II with the 132nd Ordnance Maintenance Company, 11th Tank Battalion in the United States Army, in the European Theater of Operations. His oral history focuses on his childhood, basic training, D-Day, capturing German soldiers, being awarded the Bronze Star, home front support, visiting Buchenwald Concentration Camp, playing baseball overseas, returning to college, and his outlook on the military.
Dates: Created: 1943-1946; Other: Majority of material found within 1943-1999; Other: Date acquired: 11/17/1999

Fannie Hutchison transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 1999 Box, Folder: 99.0290 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-99.0290
Content Description This collection relates to Fannie Hutchison, a Wainwright shipyard employee during World War II. This collection contains an oral history transcript of an interview with Hutchison. She tells her experience as an electric welder on the night shift from 1942-1945. Hutchison shares that she had six sons in service, including one step-son that was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese. She describes her typical workday, as well as an incident where a man was injured on the job. Hutchison also comments on the diversity of workers at the shipyard and recounts preaching the Bible to shipyard workers. She discusses the pay difference between welders and tackers.
Dates: June 24, 1992; Event: Majority of material found within 1942-1945

James Feerick papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2001 Box, Folder: 01.0444 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-01.0444
Scope and Contents The collection of First Lieutenant James Feerick contains an oral history transcript of an interview provided by the Reichelt Program for Oral History. Feerick served in the U.S. Army Air Corps as part of the 8th Bomber Command, 1st Bombardment Wing, 91st Bombardment Group in the European theater. He was based in London at Bassingbourne.

The collection also includes a copy of a magazine article from 2000 about a U.S. government agency that smuggled out contraband (radio parts, etc.), into German POW camps and letters along with other information. The agency also helped Allied POWs escape.
Dates: Created: 1918-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 09/25/2001

James Lockett papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0889-Folder 1
Identifier: 02-00.0889
Scope and Contents James William Lockett served in the U.S. Army 28th Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Division, 1st Army, in the European (ETO), North African, and Mediterranean Theaters. Colonel Lockett was a 1928 West Point graduate. The collection includes a ten-page manuscript entitled "The March," which is about Lockett's serving with the Army in the European Theater and being a POW. Lockett was made to march by German guards with approaching Russians in January 1945. He discusses his encounters with the guards and the people along "the March." In March 1945, US artillery takes the Serbian compound where they were and freed them. Also, he describes the subsequent days to get out of danger, and he is...
Dates: Created: 1943-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 12/08/2000

Joseph Peters papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2007 Box, Folder: 07.0073 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-07.0073
Scope and Contents This collection contains an unpublished biography of Joseph Peters entitled "An Ordinary Hero." Peters served as a medical doctor in the Philippines during World War II and retired a Colonel. The collection also includes a letter about his 1952 retirement and a letter to his daughter about an injury stating that the initial injury was sustained upon capture by the Japanese in 1942.
Dates: Created: 1941-1945; Other: Majority of material found in 1943; Other: Date acquired: 05/29/2007

Loren E. Jackson manuscript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2000 Box, Folder: 00.0449-Folder
Identifier: 02-00.0449
Scope and Contents The Loren E. Jackson manuscript "Epilogue to a War Story" documents Lieutenant Colonel Loren E. Jackson's experience as a prisoner of war when he was shot down during D-Day from his B-17 that he piloted with the 385th Bomb Group during World War II. His manuscript details his encounter with the German Gerhard Graf von Schwerin who he met in the 1960s after not seeing him since he was interrogated by him. Jackson recounts the conversation he had with General and touches on multiple subjects, such as German memory of war, behaviors of the Germans, morale, and the surrendering of Germany.
Dates: Created: 1944-1967; Other: Majority of material found in 1944-1945; Other: Date acquired: 05/31/2000

Louis Goldblum Oral History transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0032 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0032
Scope and Contents Lt. Louis Goldbrum (U.S. Army, 1941-1947) was assigned to the 1st Aircraft Warning Company as the company photographer. This collection contains an oral history transcript where he discusses the evacuation of Bague, Philippines, where he was stationed, following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. He was captured by the Japanese and remained a POW until January 1945.
Dates: Created: 1941-1947; Other: Majority of material found in 1944; Other: Date acquired: 01/28/2004

Alan May papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2001 Box, Folder: 01.0130 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-01.0130
Scope and Contents Alan May served as a gunner on a B-24 Bomber with the 451st Bomb Group during World War II in Italy and was shot down during a mission to Ploesti, Romania, and became a POW.  May was awarded the Purple Heart, Air Medals, 2 Presidential Unit Citations, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. Included in this collection is a footnoted manuscript diary of missions.
Dates: Created: 1944; Other: Date acquired: 02/04/2001

Natalia Grauer Rosenbald transcript

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2004 Box, Folder: 04.0246 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-04.0246
Scope and Contents Natalia Grauer Rosenbald's oral history outlines her life growing up in Krakow, Poland and her experiences in the Krakow ghetto, Mauthausen, and Ravensbrück. She speaks about hiding, dog attacks, working in the crematorium sorting clothes, stealing food, the Death March, how the SS tried disguising themselves with the advance of the Allies, liberation, reprisal shootings, finding her family after the war, living in Cyprus, Israel, Australia, and Germany before settling in the United States. She concludes her oral history with her experiences talking at schools about the Holocaust, visiting Auschwitz, and her message to the world about the Holocaust.
Dates: Created: 1939-2004; Other: Majority of material found in 1939-1945; Other: Date acquired: 08/13/2004

Joe Rendelman papers

 Collection — Box Single Folder Collections - 2002 Box, Folder: 02.0477 - Folder 1
Identifier: 02-02.0477
Scope and Contents This collection contains a copy of the oral history interview of Joe Rendelman who served with the 15th Air Force in Italy. He was shot down over Romania after twenty-five missions. He spent six months in a POW camp and was liberated by the Russians in 1944.
Dates: 1942-1945; Other: Majority of material found within 1944; Other: Date acquired: 11/19/2002